Ancient Greek Essay Questions

that are prevalent in a variety of artworks and sacred spaces to support your viewpoint. Greek art was constantly changing and evolving as the Greek culture advanced into arguably the most sophisticated culture this world has seen to date.Greek art influenced and shaped art in a way unmatched by any other civilization in the West. The Art of Greece changed from time period to time period but most noticeably between the Archaic and Classical period especially with regards to sculpture and architecture.

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In a different approach to the role of women in Greek mythology, C.

Kerényi studies the nature of the Kore, or maiden goddess, in Greek myth.

Greek Mythology Greek mythology has been variously interpreted and analyzed almost since its beginnings, and its origins have been as widely debated as the myths themselves have been interpreted.

The difficulty in identifying the origins of Greek myths stems from the fact that, until the time of the Greek poets Hesiod and Homer (both of whom flourished around the eighth century B.

Kerényi discusses both the subjugation of the maiden goddess, as in the rape of Persephone, and the power of the bond between mother and daughter, as demonstrated by Demeter's descent into the Underworld to recover her daughter, Persephone.

The scholars who study Greek mythology appear to agree on little with regard to the origin and early developments of myth, except perhaps that parallels between Greek myths and Near Eastern myths exist.Mondi concludes by stating that elements in Greek myths are "derived from contact with the considerably more advanced cultures to the East and South." The analysis of the historical aspects of mythology, specifically the heroic myths, is another way mythology is studied. Carlo Brillante, on the other hand, examines the ways the ancient Greeks viewed mythology, and argues that mythical heroes were regarded as historical figures by the Greeks. Kirk breaks down the traditional groupings of gods and heroes sketched by earlier critics even further.Brillante contends that the Greeks distinguished heroic myths as being situated in "a well-defined past," as a part of the human world, and as separate from those myths which focus on the "age of the gods." He then considers whether an historical approach, similar to that taken by the ancient Greeks, is "adequate" today, and outlines the drawbacks and benefits of various types of historical analyses. For Kirk, divinity myths include those that deal with the creation of the universe (cosmogony); with the development of the Olympian gods; and with the creation of men, man's place in the world, and his relationship with the gods.With that being said, Greek art went under many changes, often in a short period of time. The Archaic period between 680-480 was more oriental, and eastern style and influenced by Egyptian sculpture. stiff, and very formal and unlike the Egyptians, were never clothed. He has the U shaped face, typical of the Archaic period, his face is framed by his hair, and he possess" the archaic smile.These different time periods are easily seen through many of there artworks from the Greek time period. Although the Korous statue of the Archaic period differed from the Egyptian some say that were actually similar.Many scholars also concede that certain elements of these works have definite Near Eastern parallels, but the extent to which such parallels indicate that Near Eastern myths served as a source for Greek myths remains an issue of critical debate.In addition to studying the age and origins of Greek mythology, modern scholars have also examined such topics as the relationship between myth and history, the themes and motifs of Greek myths, and the treatment of women in Greek mythology.Mondi examines this issue by focussing not on the textual transmission of myths, but on the diffusion of "mythic ideas" or motifs.Such ideas include the "cosmic separation of earth and sky," the hierarchical organization of the cosmos, and the "cosmic struggle" by which divine kingship is attained. Rose begins his study of mythology by noting that "it is very clear that we cannot take [myths], as they stand, as historically true, or even as slightly idealized or exaggerated history." Rose then goes on to review (and invalidate) other approaches to mythology, including attempts to view myths allegorically, rationally, and "euhemeristically" (euhemerism being a school of thought in which mythical gods are viewed as deified human men).In analyzing the hero myths, Kirk details the exploits of some of the more prominent Greek heroes, including Perseus, Theseus, Oedipus, and Odysseus.He notes that many elements in these myths were added on to older motifs over time.


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