MLA style is used mainly by students who write papers on literature and related subjects like theater or film. The APA manual focuses on writing style and source citations.Because its main audience is students and professionals who write or edit in the social and behavioral sciences, there’s a special emphasis on writing about data and presenting quantitative and qualitative results in tables and figures.What are the differences, and where can you learn about them?
APA has its own version of the author-date style, and MLA uses a simplified variation of author-date that is sometimes referred to as author-page.
In AP style, sources are usually mentioned or described in the text, with no accompanying bibliography.
In APA Style, the cover page, or title page, should include the running head, page number, title of the paper, your name as the author, and the institutional affiliation.
Some APA sample papers also include an author’s note, but this is usually considered optional for student class papers.
There are other differences, but those are some of the highlights.
, because titles in APA-style reference lists (but not in the text) are capitalized like sentences.OK, so you’re an editor or proofreader who knows Chicago style, but now you need to follow AP.Or you’re a student, and you need MLA for one project and Chicago (or Turabian) for the next—and APA after that.AP style is based on consists of a series of glossaries that cover preferred spellings and abbreviations and how to choose the right term (and avoid the wrong one) for a given context.Because journalists and many other people who work with the news and other current events depend on it, the guide is updated annually. For example, Chicago, MLA, and APA all recommend the serial comma; AP does not (except where ambiguity threatens).So “planes, trains and automobiles” is AP style, but you’d need a comma after “trains” to make the grade with Chicago, MLA, and APA.* In titles, to take another example, Chicago and MLA lowercase prepositions regardless of length.APA and AP capitalize all words of four letters or more, including prepositions.(We start with our two favorites, but we like them all.) covers everything from style and usage to source citations and the mechanics of editing and proofreading.Because of its comprehensive coverage, it’s the go-to guide across many genres and formats, from novels and stories to blogs and creative nonfiction.This phrase might be considered commonplace in behavioral neuroscience or biological psychology research and thus likely not italicized at the first use in journal articles within that field.Example sentence: “Of course, conditioned taste aversion may be a factor when studying children with these benign illnesses.” But, let’s say you are instead writing for a journal about childhood development.