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How It All Started In February 1997, when embryologist Ian Wilmut and his colleagues at Roslin Institute in Scotland were able to clone a lamb, named Dolly, the world was introduced to a new possibility and will never be the same again (Nash). These are only a few of the questions that have surfaced and need answered.Before this, cloning was thought to be impossible, but now there is living proof that the technology and knowledge to clone animals exist. A whole new concept in ethics was created when the birth of Dolly was announced.This is an attempt to explore the pros and cons of human cloning and to provide enough information of both sides of the arguments in order for the reader to make their own informed decision on whether human cloning is ethical or not. Then a brief explanation of why questions concerning cloning humans have arisen will be presented.
Different groups and organizations define it differently.
To use a specific definition, the American Medical Association (AMA) defined cloning as "the production of genetically identical organisms via somatic cell nuclear transfer.
You then stimulate the reconstructed egg electrically or chemically and try to make it start to divide and become an embryo.
You then use the same process to implant the egg into a surrogate mother that you would use with artificial insemination.
You take an egg and remove its nucleus, which contains the DNA/genes.
Then you take the DNA from an adult cell and insert it into the egg, either by fusing the adult cell with the enucleated egg, or by a sophisticated nuclear transfer.Questions began to arise within governments and scientific organizations and they began to respond. Is it possible to use this procedure to clone humans also? There are a great number of possible medical benefits and disadvantages to cloning and its technology.They include the following: Potential Medical Benefits ��� ����� The possibility that through cloning technology we will learn to renew activity of damaged cells by growing new cells and replacing them.In fact, it is unrealistic to assume it will never happen.To deal with the implications of cloning, we should hesitate to consider the cost cloning would have on society as a whole.Human cloning is unethical because we cannot know the results, because alters societal roles, and because it degrades humanity.As we move forward into the millennium, the cloned animal, Dolly, had already died prematurely.Efforts are made across the globe to create the first cloned human being without first considering the consequences. However, in practice, it presents more problems than it can solve.This paper will focus on the ethical and moral dilemmas surrounding the science of cloning and why it We should first understand our own limits and balance them with logical thinking. Part of being a human being in a functioning society involves responsibility.As the cells divide, certain cells differentiate and become the stem cells that produce certain tissue and then organs. There is still much for scientists to learn about cell differentiation and how it works.To a clone an organ, a stem cell must be produced and then used to a clone that specific organ.