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The largest banyan tree in India resides at the Indian Botanical Garden in Shibpur, Howrah in West Bengal.
Name: Banyan Scientific Name: Ficus benghalensis Adopted in: 1950 Found in: Native to Indian Subcontinent Habitat: Terrestrial Conservation Status: Not-threatened Type: Figs Dimensions: 10-25 m in height; branch span upto 100 m The national tree of a country is one of the symbols of pride that is integral to the nation’s identity.
To be considered as such, the tree must hold tremendous cultural significance that echoes through the country’s psyche.
The national tree of India is the Banyan tree, designated formally as Ficus benghalensis. It is often a focal point of human establishment owing to its expansive form and shade provided.
The tree is often symbol of the fabled ‘Kalpa Vriksha’ or the ‘Tree of Wish Fullfillment’ as it is associated with longevity and has important medicinal properties.
They often use the branches of big trees or fissures within rocks as support, ultimately taking over by destroying the supporting host.
In urban areas they grow on the sides of buildings with the roots penetrating the walls and are called stranglers.
Description Banyan trees are one of the largest trees in the world and grow up to 20-25 m with branches spreading up to 100 m.
it has a massive trunk that has smooth greyish brown bark and is fluted.
The very size of the banyan tree makes it a habitat for a large number of creatures.
For centuries the banyan tree has been a central point for the village communities of India.