Drunk Driving Research Paper

Drunk Driving Research Paper-5
In addition, the knowledge of time limits for safe drinking before driving was checked.Impulsivity was measured by a short instrument based on Dickman Impulsivity Inventory (Dickman, 1990) and impulsivity-related subscales of NEO Personality Inventory (NEO-PI, Costa and Mc Crae, 1989).

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The reason why some people engage in this kind of risky behaviour is probably due to a combination of various factors.

Quantity (Wilson and Jonah, 1985) or frequency (Grunewald ., 1998) are related to drunk driving and the probability of alcohol-related injury.

One of the most studied traits in association with risky driving is sensation seeking (Jonah, 1997; Iversen and Rundmo, 2002).

Sensation seeking, which is sometimes also referred to as novelty or excitement seeking, is a trait described by the constant need for novel and intense sensations and experiences.

Results: We identified the combination of variables, which predicted correctly, ∼80% of the subjects' belonging to the drunk driving and control groups.

Significant independent discriminators in the final model were, among the health-behaviour measures, alcohol-related problems, frequency of using alcohol, the amount of alcohol consumed and smoking.Nevertheless, empirical support for such assumptions is scarce.We have compared a group of police-referred drunk drivers with a group of controls, taking into account self-reported drinking and driving, socio-economic variables, usual alcohol consumption, smoking, other risky traffic behaviour habits, impulsivity measures and platelet MAO activity.Aims: The aim of the study was to characterize the predictive value of socio-economic data, alcohol consumption measures, smoking, platelet monoamine oxidase (MAO) activity, traffic behaviour habits and impulsivity measures for actual drunk driving.Methods: Data were collected from 203 male drunk driving offenders and 211 control subjects using self-reported questionnaires, and blood samples were obtained from the two groups.Four hundred and sixteen men (27% of the contacted people) agreed to participate in the study.Two men dropped out of the study at the stage of filling out the questionnaires.Conclusions: Our results support the notion that drunk driving is the result of a combination of various behavioural, biological and personality-related risk factors.) Although drunk driving has decreased in many countries during the past 20 years (European Transport Safety Council, 2001), alcohol consumption is still one of the main causative factors in road traffic accidents.Alcohol impairs the reaction time of the drunk drivers and their ability to estimate risks adequately, and drunk driving is considered to be a serious violation of traffic law.Several studies have found that drunk driving is associated with a lower income (Baum, 2000; Golias and Karlaftis, 2002), a lower educational level and is more frequent among blue-collar workers (Baum, 2000).However, some studies have not found any association between drunk driving and socio-economic measures (Wilson and Jonah, 1985; Grunewald, 1996).


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