Essays On Child Poverty In The Uk

Essays On Child Poverty In The Uk-28
These reports outlined actions that would be put into place to assist in the fight against poverty looking in particular at improving literacy and numeracy skills whilst reducing levels of truancy, school exclusions and teenage pregnancies.Schemes such as Sure Start in England and Wales were introduced.

These reports outlined actions that would be put into place to assist in the fight against poverty looking in particular at improving literacy and numeracy skills whilst reducing levels of truancy, school exclusions and teenage pregnancies.Schemes such as Sure Start in England and Wales were introduced.

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According to Gordon and Heslop (1999), families with a disabled child are among some of the ‘poorest of the poor’.

Poverty also affects those children living in families where there are adults with disabilities and long-term sickness.

Prejudice in the workplace leave ethnic minority groups susceptible to low pay and unemployment; the risk of unemployment for people from ethnic communities is three or four times greater than that of white people (Howard et al, 2001).

The links between child poverty and disability are plainly apparent.

This figure was reached and to date, there are over 500 centres in operation. Another strategy used by the government to reduce child poverty was the introduction in 2003 of working tax credit (WTC) and child tax credit (CTC).

For teenagers aged 16-18, Education Maintenance Allowances were launched in 2004 in order to encourage children from low income families to stay on in education after the school leaving age. WTC is aimed at low-income working families but also designed to entice women such as lone parents into the workplace.Children brought up in such an environment are likely to be part of the means-tested benefits system.This in turn increases the chances of a child being subjected to levels of poverty for a long period of time. Miller (1989) notes that the fact the majority of lone parents are female and in low paid employment is reflective of gender discrepancies within marriage and within the labour force.In sum, the Labour government has actively attempted to fulfill its promise to address the issue of child poverty in the UK.This is further supported by Miller and Ridge’s (2002) assessment that children and young people in general have become much more visible in the policy process under Labour’s leadership and this in itself is a significant development.Tess Ridge (2004) points out that there are several key factors that serve to make children particularly vulnerable to experiencing poverty.Close to three million children live in lone-parent families and they are particularly at risk of experiencing poverty during their childhood (Rowlingson and Mc Kay, 2002).Bradbury et al (2001) further supports this argument by claiming children in lone-mother families display higher levels of poverty than children part of two parent households.Studies focusing on ethnic minority children and poverty are sparse.As of 2008, children whose families earned less than ? Essentially, it is a payment to top up the earnings of low-paid workers, including those who don’t have children. CTC offers financial support to families regardless of their state of employment.In the majority of cases, the employer pays it alongside wages or salary and the amount received is dependent on your income. 1410 for a single worker aged 25 and over and up to ? It is also paid in addition to WTC and any child benefit funds the family may receive. 2420 for those on low incomes, with extra money for young children and disabled children.

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