Rules, documents and filing is the order of the day as they govern official decision making and action.
When we think of bureaucracy, we often think of ‘red tape’ the strict adherence to formalities (Hatch, 2006, p. Therefore bureaucracy is characterized by high formalization Weber sees the rule of man over man in the society as an inevitable historical phenomenon; he distinguished between power and rule stating that the former hinges on having ones way in a social relationship and the latter as getting things done through specific channels persons (Warner, 2007, p. Authority is a source of power; other sources of power include personal character, expertise, coercion, control; one main difference between authority and other sources of power is that the exercise of authority is directed downward in organizations while the exercise of other forms of power may work in all directions (Hatch, 2006, p. Authority particularly stands out because it is associated with hierarchy, part of the social structure of organizations (Hatch, 2006, p. Weber believed that in a bureaucratic organization members adhere to the rules of that organization, he contrasted three types of authority namely (Clegg, Kornberger, & Tyrone, 2008, pp.
It is the office respected and not the officer because it is a part of a rational and recognized disposition of relationships in a structure of offices.
For instance, a police officer is respected because of the office he represents and individuals would act rationally by obeying the rules of this office because of the consequences of not obeying .
Weber’s view of bureaucracy was a tool for unequaled technical advantage.
He wrote that “…precision, speed and unambiguity, knowledge of files , continuity , discretion, unity , strict subordination, reduction of friction and material and personal cost are raised to an optimum point in the strictly bureaucratic administration”. The outcome of this process of rationalization, Weber suggests is the production of a new type of person: the specialist (Clegg, Kornberger, & Tyrone, 2008).Bureaucracy as an important aspect of rationalizing modernity still endures because some certain characteristics of bureaucracy cannot be avoided in order for an efficient and effective running of an organization.Its aim is to prevent forces of unreason, disorder and disorganization (Casey 2004, p.60) Weber’s theory of bureaucracy developed out of a general theory of power domination which is explained later on in the essay.Prince Charles, for instance is not so much an authority because of his charisma, but because of tradition.Rational-legal authority signifies that respect and obedience are owed not to the person or the title they hold but to the role they fill.573) A clearly defined hierarchy: Each office has its own clearly defined responsibility and competence.Hierarchical structures improve coordination by restricting free-flowing communications within components (Walton, 2005, p. The hierarchy that workers are subject to at the workplace, Weber argued was required by the organization with complex technical and production processes, it is therefore required to coordinate division of labour (Beetham, 1996, p. Bureaucracy is characterized by expertise because candidates for office are selected on the basis of merit and qualification, and Promotion is guaranteed according to seniority of achievement, and rewarded by fixed salaries paid in money (Hatch, 2006, p. On employment, the office is the primary occupation of the employee and the employee looks forward to a long life career in the organization, and this promotes continuity in an organization (Hatch, 2006, p. Official work is to be separate from ownership of the means of administration; this implies impersonality and Impartiality (Hatch, 2006, p. Work is conducted according to set rules without “arbitrariness and favoritism” (Beetham, 1996, p.Disclaimer: This work has been submitted by a student.This is not an example of the work produced by our Essay Writing Service.In the 19th century, Germany experienced great success in its use; it was used in both its armed forces and civil administration (Clegg, Kornberger, & Tyrone, 2008).Weber discovered that the modernity of Germany was made possible mainly because of the discipline of bureaucracy .