There are many organisations that provide information on research and guidance to how it should be implemented into clinical practice.The National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) offer clinicians guidelines and criteria to follow with the aim of developing nursing care to the benefit of the clients health (NICE).
In this technique, researchers used deductive reasoning to generate hunches that are tested in the real world.
The author of this essay intends to explore and illustrate an understanding of the various types of evidence used within nursing practice.
Evidence based practice sets out to integrate the best possible evidence, nursing knowledge and patient views into practice.
It is vital that nursing staff be knowledgeable of the latest findings in nursing research and are able to access and opt for the most suitable evidence to inform and implement into their practice.
The most fitting material in relation to the topic is chosen, this is then evaluated, the findings are then collaborated and summarised to answer the original question.
This process should be performed in a clear manner so that it would be possible for others to carry out this research.Research can be described as a method of investigating a chosen area to illicit new information on the topic or to build on previous knowledge.In nursing research the aim of this research is to provide clients, their carers and their families with the best possible care in all aspects of their treatment to promote wellbeing (Burns and Grove 2001).In second place on the hierarchy is randomised controlled trials, third; non-randomised controlled trials, fourth; non-experimental studies and fifth; descriptive studies/expert committees.This hierarchy is more suited to quantitative research and is deemed inappropriate if outcomes are not measurable (Gerrish 2006).“The conscientious, explicit and judicious use of current best evidence in making decisions about the care of individual patients.The practice of evidence based medicine means integrating individual clinical expertise with the best available external evidence from systematic research.” (Sackett et al 1996;72) Nurses are at the frontline of healthcare and have most one to one contact time with clients; therefore it is essential that the foundation of their practice be formed from reliable evidence (Parahoo 2006).There are barriers to implementing research into practice, the author intends to give explanation to these barriers and detail strategies/organisations that assist to putting research into nurse’s everyday practice.Two journal articles will be critiqued within this essay; the aim of this is to indicate which evidence has been used, to assess the strengths and weaknesses in the research process and to evaluate its usefulness in practice.Evidence based nursing practice is the process by which nurses are making clinical decisions based on the best available research evidence, clinical expertise and the preference of patients.To properly carry out evidence based practice, it is necessary to have sufficient published research on the specific topic, the nurse must be able to access and critically analyze research and the nursing practice must allow these changes, based on evidence and research, to be implemented.