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doi: Paper discusses the impact of the neuroscientific concept of addiction and expectations related to neurosciences in a clinical setting for treatment of addiction disorders.
The study, by international scientists including researchers from Imperial College London, suggests targeting these brain pathways may lead to future treatments for the condition.
The findings, published in the journal , also suggest connections between the parts of the brain that control our impulses may be weakened in people with gambling addiction.
They also highlight the potential effectiveness of innovations and advertising campaigns designed to increase lottery gambling. ," American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, American Economic Association, vol. Bulletin on Retirement and Disability Bulletin on Health including Archive of Lists of Affiliates' Work in Medical and Other Journals with Pre-Publication Restrictions Archives of Bulletin on Aging and Health Digest — Non-technical summaries of 4-8 working papers per month Reporter — News about the Bureau and its activities.
Acknowledgments Machine-readable bibliographic record - MARC, RIS, Bib Te X Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w14742 Published: Jonathan Guryan & Melissa S.
We use the sale of a winning ticket in the zip code, the location of which is random conditional on sales, as an instrument for present consumption and test for a causal relationship between present and future consumption.
This test of addiction is based on the definition of addiction commonly used in the economics literature.This work provides vital clues into the biology of gambling addiction, which is still largely unknown, explained Dr Henrietta Bowden-Jones, co-author from the Department of Medicine at Imperial, and director of the National Problem Gambling Clinic, at Central and North West London NHS Foundation Trust."Gambling addiction can have a devastating effect not just on patients, but also their families.Clinical experiments seem to have two parallel objectives: neurophysiological malfunctions of the brain and the addict as the person.Two epistemologies and two concepts of addiction are working side by side in the clinical reasoning of the Finnish experts: the neurobiological one for framing the ‘addicted brain’, and the one derived from cognitive behavioral therapy for the addict.All participants were asked to rate their level of craving when they saw the images.The team, which included scientists from the University of British Columbia and the University of Cambridge, then assessed which brain areas were activated when the volunteers experienced cravings.Setting: The case studied is a joint project for experimentation of medication (naltrexone) in treatment of gambling addiction by National Institute of Health and Welfare (THL) and Gambling Clinic, a center specialized in counseling for gambling addicts in Helsinki.Results: Although Finnish experts think that deep down all addictions share the same neural mechanisms, they consider gambling addiction a complex phenomenon.Problem gambling may affect up to 593,000 people in the UK.The condition can be treated by talking therapies, such as cognitive behavioural therapy, or medications that combat cravings.