Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274) involves a merger of at least two apparently disparate traditions: Aristotelian eudaimonism and Christian theology.On the one hand, Aquinas follows Aristotle in thinking that an act is good or bad depending on whether it contributes to or deters us from our proper human end—the , or happiness, where “happiness” is understood in terms of completion, perfection, or well-being.Tags: Physician Assisted Suicide EssayMeaning Of Science EssayStephen Hawking EssayHow To Make An Introduction In Thesis WritingReflective Essay TitleGood Essay PromptsCreative Journal Writing PromptsBusiness Cover Letter For China VisaSteps To A Business Plan
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To this end, God imbues us with his grace which comes in the form of divinely instantiated virtues and gifts.
This article first considers Aquinas’s metaethical views.
Thus what Aquinas means to convey is that something is good insofar as it actual.
By contrast, evil has no actuality in its own right.
While contemporary moral philosophers tend to address these subjects as discrete topics of study, Aquinas’s treatment of them yields a bracing, comprehensive view of the moral life.
This article presents these subjects in a way that illuminates their interconnected roles. This claim is meant to express a basic metaphysical idea, namely, that if something exists, then it necessarily has some degree of goodness. We can divide existing things into two categories: incorruptible things and corruptible things, with the latter being inferior to the former.
For this reason, Aquinas says that something is evil “inasmuch as it is deprived of some particular good that pertains to its due or proper perfection” (). For him, something is evil insofar as its existence is diminished or corrupted in some way.
If something had no goodness whatsoever, it would lack all goods, even the good of existence itself.