This research paper will present the history of hate crime law, the scope of the problem, the theory and psychology behind hateful/prejudicial behaviors, characteristics of perpetrators and victims, policing hate crime, and responding to and preventing hate crime.
This research paper will present the history of hate crime law, the scope of the problem, the theory and psychology behind hateful/prejudicial behaviors, characteristics of perpetrators and victims, policing hate crime, and responding to and preventing hate crime.Tags: 911 Conspiracy Theories Research PaperFor This I Believe EssaysBest Creative Writing Mfa CaliforniaHow To Solve Problems In MathEssay Writing Competitions In 2015Boy Cry Dont EssayBusiness Plan For Thrift StoreOvercoming Obstacles Essay ScholarshipsMaster Thesis In International BusinessC Homework Help
Although the term hate crime and societal interest in it are relatively recent developments, hate crime has deep historical roots. As Native Americans have been described as the first hate crime victims, hate crimes have existed since the United States’ inception.
Conclusion and Bibliography The term hate crime became part of the American lexicon in 1985 when it was coined by United States Representatives John Conyers and Mario Biaggi. history, a significant proportion of all murders, assaults, and acts of vandalism and desecration have been fueled by hatred.
Hate crime is defined as an illegal act against a person, institution, or property that is motivated, in whole or in part, by the offender’s bias against the victim’s group membership. Proponents of hate crime laws feel strongly about society making a statement that biased (or hate) crimes will not be tolerated and that serious penalties will be applied to those who commit such crimes.
Although hate crime is a relatively new category of crime, the United States has a long history of biased actions against individuals because of their race, ethnicity, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, disability, and gender. In addition, these laws are important in order to deter potential hate crime offenders who intentionally target members of subordinate groups.
While hate crime behavior has a long history, it has only been in the last couple of decades that research to understand this type of crime has been conducted.
Although not all jurisdictions, academics, or professionals agree about who should be protected by hate crime laws, the majority of such laws describe the offender’s motivation based on prejudice against the victim’s, race, color, nationality, religion, gender, ethnicity, sexual orientation, or disability status. Minutes of the meeting of the Council of Representatives July 28 & 30, 2004, Honolulu, HI. Proceedings of the American Psychological Association, Incorporated, for the legislative year 2004.Critics also wonder why anger/hate is more punishable than other motives such as greed.Although there has been (and still is) debate about hate crime laws, the mere fact that they exist in several countries around the world, as well as within the United States, indicates that reasoning in favor of these laws has outweighed that against them.Not all believe that hate crimes have been a significant problem in society; rather, some see it as a media-exaggerated issue—a product of a society that is highly sensitive to prejudice and discrimination.Thus, a special set of criminal laws that include hate is not warranted, and the generic criminal laws will suffice.The current federal hate crime law permits federal prosecution of crimes committed based upon the victim’s race, color, religion, or nation of origin when the victim is engaging in a federally protected activity (e.g., attending a public school; working at a place of employment).The Local Law Enforcement Hate Crime Prevention Act of 2007 (i.e., the Matthew Shepard Act), which is under consideration as of this writing, would extend the existing federal hate crime law to include crimes based upon the victim’s gender, sexual orientation, gender identity, and disability, and would drop the existing requirement that the victim be involved in a federally protected activity.Some laws also include sexual orientation, gender, gender identity, and disability.The federal hate crime system includes laws, acts, and data collection statutes.