Emphasis was also placed on the development of heavy industries, steel and electrical plants.
Transportation systems, scientists and engineering skills from the West were needed for Russia to reach the same level as other industrialised countries in Europe. To pay for this help and equipment they needed ready money, as the capitalist countries were wary of granting credit to Communist Russia.
The launch of the first Five-Year Plan and a collectivisation drive dramatically reversed the NEP model.
The Congress of the Communist Party accepted Stalin's national economic plan in 1927.
Stalin believed that attention to education was necessary in order to have a skilled industrial labour force.
Improvements in transport would help move raw materials, manufactured products and agricultural produce.
Stalin punished them by destroying their homes and deporting most of them to Siberia.
Mechanisation and scientific farming were introduced on a large scale.
To achieve that goal, the transport system needed improvements in order to import and export goods out of the country.
New railway links were built, like the Turkestan-Siberian line, and old ones were upgraded.