How To Write A Science Research Proposal

Be specific about the methodological approaches you plan to undertake to obtain information, the techniques you would use to analyze the data, and the tests of external validity to which you commit yourself [i.e., the trustworthiness by which you can generalize from your study to other people, places, events, and/or periods of time].Just because you don't have to actually conduct the study and analyze the results, doesn't mean you can skip talking about the analytical process and potential implications.This section should be only one or two paragraphs long, emphasizing why the research problem is worth investigating, why your research study is unique, and how it should advance existing knowledge.

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For more information on writing literature reviews, GO HERE.

Since a literature review is information dense, it is crucial that this section is intelligently structured to enable a reader to grasp the key arguments underpinning your study in relation to that of other researchers.

The purpose is to reflect upon gaps or understudied areas of the current literature and describe how your proposed research contributes to a new understanding of the research problem should the study be implemented as designed.

The conclusion reiterates the importance or significance of your proposal and provides a brief summary of the entire study.

The goal of a research proposal is to present and justify the need to study a research problem and to present the practical ways in which the proposed study should be conducted. Approach it with the intention of leaving your readers feeling like--"Wow, that's an exciting idea and I can’t wait to see how it turns out!

The design elements and procedures for conducting the research are governed by standards within the predominant discipline in which the problem resides, so guidelines for research proposals are more exacting and less formal than a general project proposal. "In the real world of higher education, a research proposal is most often written by scholars seeking grant funding for a research project or it's the first step in getting approval to write a doctoral dissertation.Describe the overall research design by building upon and drawing examples from your review of the literature.Consider not only methods that other researchers have used but methods of data gathering that have not been used but perhaps could be.Start a new page and use the heading "References" or "Bibliography" centered at the top of the page. Trinity Western University; Writing Academic Proposals: Conferences, Articles, and Books. Cited works should always use a standard format that follows the writing style advised by the discipline of your course [i.e., education=APA; history=Chicago, etc.] or that is preferred by your professor. Do not be afraid to challenge the conclusions of prior research.Assess what you believe is missing and state how previous research has failed to adequately examine the issue that your study addresses.A good strategy is to break the literature into "conceptual categories" [themes] rather than systematically describing groups of materials one at a time.Note that conceptual categories generally reveal themselves after you have read most of the pertinent literature on your topic so adding new categories is an on-going process of discovery as you read more studies. As with writing a regular academic paper, research proposals are generally organized the same way throughout most social science disciplines.Approach writing this section with the thought that you can’t assume your readers will know as much about the research problem as you do.

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