Literature Review Step By Step Guide

A literature review is an account of what has been published on a topic by accredited scholars and researchers.

Occasionally you will be asked to write one as a separate assignment, but more often it is part of the introduction to an essay, research report, or thesis.

It may be written as a stand-alone paper or to provide a theoretical framework and rationale for a research study (such as a thesis or dissertation).

These guidelines are adapted primarily from Galvan (2006).

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We use cookies to offer you a better experience, personalize content, tailor advertising, provide social media features, and better understand the use of our services.Sonja Foss and William Walters* describe an efficient and effective way of writing a literature review.Their system provides an excellent guide for getting through the massive amounts of literature for any purpose: in a dissertation, an M. thesis, or an article or book in any field of study.Step Two: Search for the literature: Conduct a comprehensive bibliographic search of books and articles in your area.Read the abstracts online and download and/or print those articles that pertain to your area of research.In addition to using the step-by-step guide that I have provided below, I also recommend that you (a) locate examples of literature reviews in your field of study and skim over these to get a feel for what a literature review is and how these are written (I have also provided links to a couple of examples at the end of these guidelines (b) read over other guides to writing literature reviews so that you see different perspectives and approaches: Some examples are: Read through the links provided below on APA guidelines so that you become familiar with the common core elements of how to write in APA style: in particular, pay attention to general document guidelines (e.g.font, margins, spacing), title page, abstract, body, text citations, quotations.Make sure that you only get articles and books in those areas, even if you come across fascinating books in other areas.A literature review I am currently working on, for example, explores barriers to higher education for undocumented students.While a summary of the what you have read is contained within the literature review, it goes well beyond merely summarizing professional literature.It focuses on a of the relationship among different works, and relating this research to your work.

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