Descriptive abstracts are usually very short, 100 words or less. While they still do not critique or evaluate a work, they do more than describe it.
A good informative abstract acts as a surrogate for the work itself.
The abstract allows you to elaborate upon each major aspect of the paper and helps readers decide whether they want to read the rest of the paper.
Therefore, enough key information [e.g., summary results, observations, trends, etc.] must be included to make the abstract useful to someone who may want to examine your work.
Get to the point quickly and always use the past tense because you are reporting on a study that has been completed.
Abstracts should be formatted as a single paragraph in a block format and with no paragraph indentations.Before handing in your final paper, check to make sure that the information in the abstract completely agrees with what you have written in the paper. If the article does not appear, try searching using the link on the USC Libraries main page.Think of the abstract as a sequential set of complete sentences describing the most crucial information using the fewest necessary words. If you still can't find the article after doing this, contact a librarian or you can request it from our free interlibrary loan and document delivery service.The length varies according to discipline, but an informative abstract is usually no more than 300 words in length.A highlight abstract is specifically written to attract the reader’s attention to the study.An abstract summarizes, usually in one paragraph of 300 words or less, the major aspects of the entire paper in a prescribed sequence that includes: 1) the overall purpose of the study and the research problem(s) you investigated; 2) the basic design of the study; 3) major findings or trends found as a result of your analysis; and, 4) a brief summary of your interpretations and conclusions.Sometimes your professor will ask you to include an abstract, or general summary of your work, with your research paper. Avoid over-generalizing, and reference the research findings of others to support why you think this will work C. National Health Museum's Writing Hypotheses: a student lesson Give enough information so that others can follow your procedure, and can replicate it (and hopefully come up with the same findings and conclusions as you did! c.f.: Writing Center/University of Wisconsin's Review of literature Your hypothesis is your proposed explanation that you will test to determine whether it is true or false It will contain measurable variables (those that change or can be manipulated) with results that can be compared with each other.In most cases, the abstract page immediately follows the title page. Rules set forth in writing manual vary but, in general, you should center the word "Abstract" at the top of the page with double spacing between the heading and the abstract.The final sentences of an abstract concisely summarize your study’s conclusions, implications, or applications to practice and, if appropriate, can be followed by a statement about the need for additional research revealed from the findings.