In order to monitor pollutants, test organisms are needed in which these compounds can be traced at the tissue level.
Constituting 300 million people and about 313 million people lack proper sanitation. As result, many riparian countries surrounding the Nile river basin have expressed direct stake in the water resources hitherto seldom expressed in the past.
In this paper, I argue that due to the lack of consensus over the use of the Nile basin regarding whether or not “water sharing” or “benefit sharing” has a tendency to escalate the situation in to transboundary conflict involving emerging dominant states such as the tension between Ethiopia-Egypt over the Nile river basin.
This sounds bad at first, but it was one of the most important events in the life of the Ancient Egyptians.
The flood brought rich black soil and renewed the farmlands.
Seasons of the Nile The Egyptians even built their calendar around the Nile River. Akhet, or inundation, was considered the first season and was the time of the flooding of the Nile.
The other two seasons were Peret, the growing season, and Shemu, the harvest season.
Lakes in northern Egypt are affected by drainage of polluted water and this affects the diversity of their fish, phytoplank-ton and other microorganisms.
Nile pollutants are derived from sources such as industrial wastewater, oil pollution, municipal wastewater, agricultural drainage, and include natural cyanotoxins.
In order to simplify my argument and analysis, I focused on Ethiopia and Egypt to explicate the extent of water crisis in the North Eastern part of Africa. The second assumption is based on the exclusion of Ethiopia, since 1902 and the subsequent water agreement of 1929 between Britain and Egypt and the 1959 water agreement between Egypt and Sudan after the later became independent in 1956.
The final assumption is the emergence of Ethiopia as a powerful and influential nation in the horn of Africa because of its military power in the sub region.