The introduction generally needs to: You are likely already familiar with the basic outline format, which uses Roman numerals for the introduction, body (main points), and conclusion, and letters and numbers for subpoints and supporting facts.
If you have the basic format down, you’ll then want to then master the differences specific to the type of informative outline you’re writing.
Such experience is essential for achieving precision and grace in the presence of statistics, but even textbooks of graphical design are silent on how to think about numbers.
Illustrators too often see their work as an exclusively artistic enterprise. Those who get ahead are those who beautify data, never mind statistical integrity (Tufte, 1983, p. [The chapter continues to discuss the causes and effects of graphical distortion and examines the sources of integrity and sophistication in the processes of graphic design.] Conclusion The conditions under which many data graphics are produced—the lack of substantive and quantitative skills of the illustrators, dislike of quantitative evidence, and contempt for the intelligence of the audienceguarantee graphical mediocrity.
Here is an example of the problem-cause-solution pattern.
Example of a Problem-Cause-Solution Pattern Why do artists draw graphics that lie?These conditions engender graphics that (1) lie; (2) employ only the simplest designs, often unstandardized time-series based on a small handful of data points; and (3) miss the real news actually in the data. Graphical competence demands three quite different skills: the substantive, statistical, and artistic.Yet now most graphical work is under the direction of but a single expertisethe artistic.Allowing artist-illustrators to control the design and content of statistical graphics is almost like allowing typographers to control the content, style, and editing of prose.Substantive and quantitative expertise must also participate in the design of data graphics, at least if statistical integrity and graphical sophistication are to be achieved (Tufte, 1983, p. Professor Tufte describes the problem of incompetence in graphical presentations of quantitative information and discusses the causes.Student Services: 1616 Mc Cormick Drive, Largo, MD 20774 Mailing Address: 3501 University Blvd.East, Adelphi, MD 20783 Copyright © 2011 University of Maryland University College (UMUC). No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise without prior written permission of the copyright holder.Your process analysis would examine the progression of the disease and the different ways to treat it.The solution you propose might include one or more of the current treatment modalities, and you would evaluate the merits of your solution in light of the lifesaving procedures you discussed.The diagnosis and analysis may include an evaluation of processes or procedures or a discussion of causes contributing to the problem.For example, you might use this pattern to write a paper discussing how diabetes is being treated through diet, drugs, exercise, and surgery.