CPTSD forms in the minds of those who have little hope or no chance of escaping the trauma perpetrated against their person.
Used to explain complex post-traumatic stress disorder, the trauma model of mental disorders is associated with repeated sexual, psychological, physical abuse or neglect, and chronic intimate partner violence.
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Interestingly, some people traumatized individuals may not show symptoms for many years after the traumatic event.
In fact, a paper published in the found that trauma-exposed people who presented without PTSD showed significantly smaller hippocampal volume, smaller amygdalae, and smaller cortical regions than healthy control subjects. What researchers looked at the brains of those who have experienced severe traumatic events, such as those returning from the war, they found damage to the amygdalae and hippocampi.
Since the hippocampus and amygdala are vital for memory formation, survivors of childhood neglect and abuse have problems remembering events or even suffer from dissociative amnesia.
Dissociative amnesia includes forgetting having said or done something or losing time for short periods without having alters like with dissociative identity disorder.
These two life-altering disorders affect fifty to seventy percent of the citizens of the United States and cost America over forty billion dollars per year. MRI-based measurement of hippocampal volume in patients with combat-related posttraumatic stress disorder.
The suffering and impact on families and communities are profound, leaving many adults unable to cope with their lives and losing the ability to work well (Brenner, (2018)2.