These environmental concerns not only harm Pakistani citizens but also pose a serious threat to the country's economy.The report also stated that the increase in industrialization, urbanization and motorization will inevitably worsen this problem.Auditory issues include the loss of auditory sensory cells; non-auditory health issues include sleep disturbance, noise and cardiovascular disease, endocrine response to noise and psychiatric disorder.
These environmental concerns not only harm Pakistani citizens but also pose a serious threat to the country's economy.
Pakistan is classified as a water stressed nation by the World Bank.
There are seven main rivers that enter Pakistan from upper riparian states, including the Kabul River that enters from Afghanistan, and the Indus River, Jhelum River, Chenab River, Ravi River, and Sutlej River that enter from India.
Among these the Ravi and Sutlej are diverted in upstream India, for which consumptive use was awarded to India under the Indus Waters Treaty signed in 1960 by India and Pakistan.
Canal networks from the Indus (main stem), Jhelum River, and Chenab River supply water throughout the agricultural plains in Punjab and in Sindh, while the rest of the country has very little access to other fresh water.
According to a recent study, the Sindh Environment Protection Department claims that the average level of pollution in big cities is approximately four times higher than the World Health Organisation's limits.
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These emissions have detrimental effects, including "respiratory diseases, reduced visibility, loss of vegetation and an effect on the growth of plants." One of the greatest contributors to air pollution is industrial activity.In 2018, a young entrepreneur in Karachi, Abid Omar, launched the Pakistan Air Quality Initiative to monitor air quality in Pakistan's big cities.The project aims to increase the availability of air quality data in Pakistan and make citizens more aware of the health impacts of air pollution.Potential scarcity of water not only threatens Pakistan's economy but also poses a serious threat to the lives of millions of Pakistanis.Lower flows due to the Indus Waters Treaty, as well as diversion to canals, means that lower dilution flows are available within the rivers of Pakistan.There is no accountability, and while the federal and provincial environmental protection agencies receive dozens of complaints on noise pollution from the public, these agencies are unable to take action due to legal constraints and the absence of national noise level standards.Air pollution is a growing environmental problem in most major cities of Pakistan.A study showed that on one of Karachi's main roads, the average noise level was around 90 d B and was capable of reaching about 110 d B.This is much higher than the ISO's noise level standard of 70 d B, which is not meant to be harmful to the human ear.The megacities of Pakistan, such as Karachi, Lahore, Islamabad and Rawalpindi, face the issue of noise pollution.The main source of this pollution is the traffic noise caused by buses, cars, trucks, rickshaws and water tankers.