Government was held to be of God rather than a human contrivance.There was a “contract of subjection” theory which held that the ruler should provide justice and protection for his subjects in return for their obedience (k 209).acknowledging no superiority one over another until they were taught by experience the necessity of government; … The revolution in England had seen the end of the rule by divine right.Tags: Term Paper Writing ServicesLaw School Personal Statements CanadaProfessional Writing Services IncEssay On Child ObservationPurpose Of A Cover Letter For A ResumeHelp Research PaperPursuasive Essay Global WarmingStudent Dissertation
States or other sovereign entities could only have validity and legitimacy if their laws were consistent with these natural laws.
(notes) The view that man in the state of nature had constructed the state for his own security was not new but had been resisted by the church in favour of divine authority.
James 1, King of England (1603 –25), in his True Law of Free Monarchies admits that the king ought to behave honorably but that if he did not and broke his side of their contract that did not release his subjects from obedience.
The enlightenment, the period from the mid seventeenth century to the end of the eighteenth century, saw a move away from theological or religious based thinking to inquiry founded on scientific reasoning .
Prior to the civil war in England government was theocratic.
This saw kings as divinely appointed and their subjects as divinely commanded to obey them.You can view samples of our professional work here.Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of Law Teacher.To develop their theories of government they started with man in his original condition, or “the state of nature”.Where they differed was in their assumptions about the nature of ungoverned human interaction and behaviour. Starting from their very different assumptions as to the “state of nature” they came to different conclusions and provided different prescriptions for the government of society.Hobbes and Locke argued that the state had arisen out of a voluntary agreement, or social contract, made by individuals who recognised that only the establishment of sovereign power could safeguard them from the insecurity of the state of nature.Natural law theory paralleled the mechanistic scientific theories successfully demonstrated by enlightenment figures such as Galileo and Newton.Hobbes published Leviathan, or the Matter, Form and Power of a Commonwealth, Ecclesiastical and Civil in 1651, writing that his book was “occasioned by the disorders of the present time.” (leviathan).Locke published Two Treaties of Government in 1690 “to justify” (TTo G) the struggle of 1640 1660 and the revolution of 1688. The certainty and stability that had been provided by the divine authority of the monarch had been removed.Thomas Hobbes (1588 1679) and John Locke (1632 1704) developed their political theories at a time of religious, political and social upheaval in England.They were archetypal enlightenment figures well acquainted with the scientific and philosophical concerns of their time.