Thesis On Oral Contraceptives

Thesis On Oral Contraceptives-48
Linn S, Schoenbaum SC, Monson RR, Rosner B, Ryan KJ.

Linn S, Schoenbaum SC, Monson RR, Rosner B, Ryan KJ. Women who want to become pregnant should discontinue contraception when they are ready, and OC users shouldn’t anticipate a longer period from discontinuation to conception. Borgatta reports no financial relationship with any companies whose products are mentioned in this article.

[Henry-Suchet, 1997; Ness 1997; Ness, 2001] PID, an infection in the upper genital tract causing infertility and ectopic pregnancy, affects over one million women in the United States each year, exacting an enormous toll on women's reproductive and emotional health, as well as our economy.

[CDC Factsheet, 2007] This thesis examines the public health implications of pelvic inflammatory disease and the use of oral contraceptives.

Study 1 examined incident and prevalent hormonal contraceptive use in a cohort of reproductive-aged women (15–49 years).

Study 2 measured incident off-label use of CPA-EE in women aged 15–34.

Researchers found the pregnancy rate at 1 year was significantly higher for OC users than for non-users.

The study population included a total of 12,106 couples—8,497 of which had planned pregnancies. Prolonged use of oral contraception before a planned pregnancy is associated with a decreased risk of delayed conception. However there are persistent beliefs that women need a break from prolonged use of OCs before they are able to conceive. The return of fertility following discontinuation of oral contraceptives in Thailand. Farrow A, Hull MGR, Northstone K, Taylor H, Ford WCL, Golding J. The ideal contraceptive would be highly effective and readily reversible; planned pregnancy would not be delayed or prevented. Unfortunately, the alternative may be a contraceptive with a higher failure rate (leading to unplanned pregnancy) or one with fewer noncontraceptive benefits. Oral contraceptives and ovulatory causes of delayed fertility. Post-OC amenorrhea is presented as a usually reversible complication of OC use that may delay conception. Stepwise regression analysis showed that the higher pregnancy rates persisted even when other factors, such as smoking and maternal age, were considered. Although the absolute difference was not large (89.5% of women using OCs for more than 5 years versus 85.4% of never-users), it is consistently related to the length of exposure. This thesis aims to address this knowledge gap through an investigation of the levels, trends, and determinants of: (1) hormonal contraceptive use in British Columbia (BC) (Study 1), and (2) the use of cyproterone acetate and ethinyl estradiol (CPA-EE), an acne drug that is also known to be prescribed as an oral contraceptive (OC) despite safety concerns (Study 2).METHODS: This thesis consists of two retrospective analyses of de-identified administrative datasets containing health care, pharmaceutical, and sociodemographic information for residents of BC between 2006–2013, inclusive. Researchers collected information on various aspects of the women’s health, including tobacco use, alcohol consumption, body size, and occupational and educational status. The relationship of tubal infertility to barrier method and oral contraceptive use. The study enrolled 85% of couples in southwest England expecting a child during the study period.

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