Thomas Hobbes Essay

Thomas Hobbes Essay-42
Based on the previous definition of the State of Nature, it would seem that mankind is doomed for eternity. Using the power of reason, they are able to understand the laws of nature, which lead man out of the state of nature and into civil society.A Law of Nature, (Lex Naturalis), is a Precept, or generall rule, found out by reason, by which a man is forbidden to do, that, which is destructive of his life, or taketh away the means of preserving the same; and to omit that, by which he thinketh it may be best preserved.

Based on the previous definition of the State of Nature, it would seem that mankind is doomed for eternity. Using the power of reason, they are able to understand the laws of nature, which lead man out of the state of nature and into civil society.A Law of Nature, (Lex Naturalis), is a Precept, or generall rule, found out by reason, by which a man is forbidden to do, that, which is destructive of his life, or taketh away the means of preserving the same; and to omit that, by which he thinketh it may be best preserved.

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Since God gives the power to the king, political society focused on obeying God unconditionally.

Although Hobbes did agree that it was necessary for a king to have absolute authority in order to keep the people in line, he believed that authority came from the people living in the community and not God.

In order to answer the question of why the people should be willing to submit to political authority, Hobbes uses the idea of a State of Nature.

This is a completely hypothetical situation through which he imagines what life was like for men before the establishment of civil society.

Locke’s most influential political writings come from his Two Treatises On Government.

His First Treatise is focused almost entirely on rejecting Filmer’s theory.

There is no ability for men to ensure the satisfaction of their needs and desires as humans, and no prolonged systems of cooperation among men.

The state of nature is a state of constant fear and distrust, or as Hobbes puts it “a state of perpetual and unavoidable war” (Hobbes 90).

(Hobbes 91) The first rule of nature is to seek peace when others are also willing to follow in the quest for peace, “That every man, ought to endeavour Peace, as farre as he has hope of obtaining it; and when he cannot obtain it, that he may seek, and use, all helps, and advantages of Warre” (Hobbes 92).

In the pages leading up to the natural laws, Hobbes describes what it is that drives us to seek peace.

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