From these holding camps, the Cherokee were taken to internment camps.There were 11 of these – 10 in Tennessee and 1 in Alabama.Conditions in the camps were harsh, and made even more so by the intimidation and cruel acts that the Cherokee were subjected to by the troops who had been sent to round them up.In the book “Cherokee Legends and Trail of Tears,” he wrote about attending a festival at Echata on Christmas night 1829.
The Indian Removal Act In 1830, the Indian Removal Act was passed.
The Indian Removal Act gave the executive branch of the U. Government the authority to negotiate with Native Americans for their lands that were located in the Eastern United States to be exchanged for lands west of the Mississippi River.
The removal would take place within two years of the ratification.The order to implement The Treaty of New Echota was given by President Martin Van Buren in 1838.
At the time of the implementation, the Cherokee lived in North and South Carolina, Georgia, Tennessee, Alabama, Kentucky, and Virginia, as mentioned earlier.
The Impact of the Trail of Tears on the Cherokee The removal of the Cherokee from their native lands has had a lasting impact on the tribe.
Those who survived left behind a life and culture that they had practiced for hundreds of years.
In addition, local residents thought nothing of stealing property from the Cherokee or destroying what they couldn’t get or didn’t want.
Upon witnessing the treatment of his people, Chief John Ross made an appeal to President Van Buren, asking that the Cherokees be allowed to take charge of their own removal.
This appeal led to the following findings being declared by the Supreme Court:· Indian nations were capable of making treaties;· According to the Constitution, treaties were the supreme law of the land;· Exclusive jurisdiction within the boundaries of the Cherokee Nation belonged to the Federal Government; and· State law had no force within the Cherokee boundaries. However, then-President Andrew Jackson’s refusal to enforce the Court’s decision, coupled with legal technicalities, would make it seem that the Cherokees’ fate was in the hands of the Federal Government.
Even more distressing was the fact that the Cherokee had adopted many of the white man’s ways and cultural practices including using the white man’s court system twice. None of this, however, was sufficient to stop the ultimate removal of the Cherokee from their Native lands.