In a slightly different form I gave this paper at two conferences, the American Anthropological Association's 1991 annual conference and the Matrilineality and Patrilineality conference at the University of Minnesota, 1992.
I am grateful for helpful comments at the History of Women's Workshop, University of Minnesota, 1993, and thank the editors of the present volume for their constructive comments. Department of Anthropology, College of Liberal Arts, Minneapolis.
PNG was born with an ambitious and forward looking eight aim Constitution (see Appendix).
Report of the Special Rapporteur on Violence against Women, its Causes and Consequences Concluding observations of the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) Report of the Working Group on the Universal Periodic Review (UPR) Percentage of women aged 20 to 24 years who were first married or in union before age 18.
STRATEGY The World Bank is committed to addressing gender-based violence through investment, research and learning, and collaboration with stakeholders around the world.
Since 2003, the World Bank has engaged with countries and partners to support projects and knowledge products aimed at preventing and addressing GBV.
By the following year violent crime was so serious in Port Moresby that the government imposed a State of Emergency and a dusk-to-dawn curfew.
This was the case again in 1990-1, when troubles with secessionist movements in Bougainville, which houses PNG's important copper mine, set the country aflame with urban violence and tribal warfare.
Recognizing the scale of the challenge, the World Bank’s operational and analytical work has expanded substantially in recent years.
The Bank’s engagement is building on global partnerships, learning, and best practices to test and advance effective approaches both to prevent GBV—including interventions to address the social norms and behaviors that underpin violence—and to scale up and improve response when violence occurs.